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Dez. Die Amerikaner wählen im November das Repräsentantenhaus und ein Drittel des Senats neu. Das Ergebnis wird entscheidend dafür sein. Die Wahl zum Senat der Vereinigten Staaten fand am 6. November statt. Es standen alle .. Senatswahlen in den USA bei Ballotpedia (englisch); An Overall Look at Senate Races beim Council for a Livable World, Nov. Bei den Midterm Elections wurde das Repräsentantenhaus und ein Drittel des Senats in den USA neu gewählt. Infos und Ergebnisse zu den.

He noticed an unusual pattern among drawings and journal entries, including a small sketch of a girl with a name beneath it in Russian.

An internet search of the name turned up the story of Rina Palenkova, a year-old girl who posted a "goodbye" selfie moments before committing suicide in Russia in November The photo went viral on the Russian social media site VK.

He looked through her sketches and found pages of whale drawings and magazine cutouts with the words "I Am a Blue Whale" pasted over them, accompanied by drawings indicating self-harm, suicidal statements with words of goodbye and multiple entries written in Russian.

Marty said the discovery startled him. Nadia hid secrets in her paintings that her family discovered after her death. The Washington Post reported about another teen suicide in Texas that occurred in early July and is suspected to be linked to Blue Whale.

The "game" is said to be administered by an online curator and takes place over 50 days. The curator gives players daily tasks to accomplish and requires them to submit photographic evidence that they have completed each, keeping their communication private.

One man who may be connected to Blue Whale is a year-old psychology major named Philip Budeikin. Authorities from the St Petersburg District Court confirmed in a press statement that there is an open investigation into his charge of "incitement to suicide.

While authorities investigate whether there are curators who directly communicate with teens or whether the game is simply internet folklore, the challenges are said to begin at 4: Some reportedly start with simple things like drawing a blue whale on a piece of paper.

Demands may increase to watching horror movies all night or secretly cutting oneself. It is reported that the curator sends teens to scope out the location of their deaths in advance as one of the challenges.

In some cases, they go to the top of a tall building, in others a train station. Each task becomes riskier, and on the 50th day, players are reportedly instructed to commit suicide.

Dan Reidenberg, executive director of Suicide Awareness Voices of Education, a national nonprofit for suicide prevention, warns that parents need to be watching their children for any of those signs.

He encourages asking kids whether they are playing Blue Whale or have friends who are playing. However, he reiterated that "there is no need to panic, because this is not yet a crisis, rather a caution to alert people in advance.

The colonel of justice for the Investigation Committee Department of St. Petersburg, Anton Breydo, launched an investigation on Blue Whale in Russia and was working with a girl who had survived a suicide attempt, according to the news outlet Novaya Gazeta.

She informed him that players are told that once they start playing, there is "no way back. However, it later said that only 80 of those could be proved and was criticized as exaggerating numbers that could not be definitively linked to the game.

Gathering evidence of such a game is difficult, and catching warning signs can be even harder for those unaware. It took me less than 20 minutes to figure that out.

Nadia did an abstract painting of blue whale skeletons for a school project, and the school had it framed and displayed. The painting took on a new meaning in the aftermath of her death.

A photo of her legs dangling over the roof of her house, pictures of self-inflicted cuts on her body and a final post of train tracks with the words "good bye," made the morning she died, all bore resemblance to the other reported accounts of Blue Whale victims.

The family believes this photo was one of the "challenges" Nadia completed. Most of the time, she only wanted to draw. I never thought she would go and try to find a site or a way to chat with people and believe them.

Some appeared to be love letters, while others showed signs of correspondence with someone. The family continues to ask questions that might never be answered.

Suicide is the third-leading cause of death among Americans age 10 to 14 and the second among people 15 to 34, according to statistics from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Randle says people have been nervous to talk about suicide and very sensitive to the topic, leading the issue to be under-reported.

According to Randle, Nadia was the 20th reported teen to commit suicide in Georgia this year, and since her death in May, there has been one more.

Marty warns that the signs might be hiding in plain sight. Right around her friends. This is a thing that is happening, so people should know, especially parents that have kids that could potentially be subjected to the same thing and also to ask for help.

Google data show that online searches for Blue Whale in the United States began in late February, with interest spiking across the country in mid-May.

Wild males live around 29 years on average, with a maximum of about 60 years. This would have made him up to 90 years old. Examination of his teeth indicated he died around age 35, [] but this method of age determination is now believed to be inaccurate for older animals.

Infanticide , once thought to occur only in captive killer whales, was observed in wild populations by researchers off British Columbia on Dec.

In this incident, an adult male killed the calf of a female within the same pod, with his mother also joining in the assault.

Such behavior matches that of many smaller dolphin species such as the bottlenose dolphin. Like other animals at the highest trophic levels , the killer whale is particularly at risk of poisoning from bioaccumulation of toxins, including polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs.

When food is scarce, killer whales metabolize blubber for energy, which increases pollutant concentrations in their blood.

In the Pacific Northwest , wild salmon stocks, a main resident food source, have declined dramatically in recent years. In , the United States government listed the southern resident community as an endangered population under the Endangered Species Act.

They do not breed outside of their community, which was once estimated at around animals and later shrank to around These deaths can be attributed to declines in Chinook salmon.

Scientist Ken Balcomb has extensively studied killer whales since ; he is the research biologist responsible for discovering U. Navy sonar may harm killer whales.

The whales seemed "agitated and were moving haphazardly, attempting to lift their heads free of the water" to escape the sound of the sonars.

The sound originated from a U. Navy frigate 12 miles 19 kilometers distant, Balcomb said. These whales were beached on the day U. Navy destroyers were activated into sonar exercise.

These six dead whales were studied, and CAT scans of two of the whale heads showed hemorrhaging around the brain and the ears, which is consistent with decompression sickness.

Another conservation concern was made public in September when the Canadian government decided it was not necessary to enforce further protections including the Species at Risk Act in place to protect endangered animals along their habitats for killer whales aside from the laws already in place.

In response to this decision, six environmental groups sued the federal government, claiming killer whales were facing many threats on the British Columbia Coast and the federal government did nothing to protect them from these threats.

Underwater noise from shipping, drilling, and other human activities is a significant concern in some key killer whale habitats, including Johnstone Strait and Haro Strait.

Killer whales also avoided the surrounding waters. Eleven members about half of one resident pod disappeared in the following year.

The spill damaged salmon and other prey populations, which in turn damaged local killer whales. By , scientists estimated the AT1 transient population considered part of a larger population of transients , numbered only seven individuals and had not reproduced since the spill.

This population is expected to die out. A study published in Science found that global killer whale populations are poised to dramatically decline due to exposure to toxic chemical and PCB pollution.

The indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast feature killer whales throughout their art , history, spirituality and religion.

The Haida regarded killer whales as the most powerful animals in the ocean, and their mythology tells of killer whales living in houses and towns under the sea.

According to these myths, they took on human form when submerged, and humans who drowned went to live with them. The Maritime Archaic people of Newfoundland also had great respect for killer whales, as evidenced by stone carvings found in a 4,year-old burial at the Port au Choix Archaeological Site.

In the tales and beliefs of the Siberian Yupik people, killer whales are said to appear as wolves in winter, and wolves as killer whales in summer.

In Western cultures , killer whales were historically feared as dangerous, savage predators. Of the very few confirmed attacks on humans by wild killer whales, none have been fatal.

In the s, a surfer in California was bitten, and in , a boy in Alaska who was splashing in a region frequented by harbor seals was bumped by a killer whale that apparently misidentified him as prey.

Competition with fishermen also led to killer whales being regarded as pests. In the waters of the Pacific Northwest and Iceland , the shooting of killer whales was accepted and even encouraged by governments.

Navy claimed to have deliberately killed hundreds of killer whales in Icelandic waters in with machine-guns, rockets, and depth charges.

Western attitudes towards killer whales have changed dramatically in recent decades. In the mids and early s, killer whales came to much greater public and scientific awareness, starting with the first live-capture and display of a killer whale known as Moby Doll , a resident harpooned off Saturna Island in To the surprise of those who saw him, Moby Doll was a docile, nonaggressive whale that made no attempts to attack humans.

Between and , 50 killer whales from the Pacific Northwest were captured for display in aquaria , and public interest in the animals grew.

Through photo-identification techniques, individuals were named and tracked over decades. Only one whale has been taken in North American waters since However, his case was marked by controversy about whether and how to intervene, and in , Luna was killed by a boat propeller.

The earlier of known records of commercial hunting of killer whales date to the 18th century in Japan. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the global whaling industry caught immense numbers of baleen and sperm whales, but largely ignored killer whales because of their limited amounts of recoverable oil , their smaller populations, and the difficulty of taking them.

Between and , Japan took 1, killer whales although the Ministry of the Environment claims that there had been domestic catches of about 1, whales between late s to s [] and Norway took Today, no country carries out a substantial hunt, although Indonesia and Greenland permit small subsistence hunts see Aboriginal whaling.

Other than commercial hunts, killer whales were hunted along Japanese coasts out of public concern for potential conflicts with fisheries.

Such cases include a semi-resident male-female pair in Akashi Strait and Harimanada being killed in the Seto Inland Sea in , [] [] the killing of five whales from a pod of 11 members that swam into Tokyo Bay in , [] and a catch record in southern Taiwan in the s.

Killer whales have helped humans hunting other whales. From to , 55 whales were taken from the wild in Iceland, 19 from Japan, and three from Argentina.

These figures exclude animals that died during capture. Organizations such as World Animal Protection and the Whale and Dolphin Conservation campaign against the practice of keeping them in captivity.

Captives have vastly reduced life expectancies, on average only living into their 20s. Wild males who survive infancy live 31 years on average, and up to 50—60 years.

Critics claim captive life is stressful due to these factors and the requirement to perform circus tricks that are not part of wild killer whale behavior, see above.

A study coauthored by staff at SeaWorld and the Minnesota Zoo indicates that there is no significant difference in survivorship between free-ranging and captive killer whales.

The authors speculate about the future utility of studying captive populations for the purposes of understanding orca biology and the implications of such research of captive animals in the overall health of both wild and marine park populations.

As of March , SeaWorld has announced that they will be ending their orca breeding program and their theatrical shows. They previously announced, in November , that the shows would be coming to an end in San Diego but it is now to happen in both Orlando and San Antonio as well.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Orca disambiguation. The largest living species of dolphin. Linnaeus , [4].

Multimedia relating to the orca. Killer whale calls at a distance. Vocalizations of a killer whale. Killer whale attacks on humans.

Killer Whales in popular culture. Cetaceans portal Marine life portal. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd ed.

Johns Hopkins University Press. Retrieved 28 April International Union for Conservation of Nature. Integrated Taxonomic Information System.

Retrieved March 9, Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis.

Tomus I in Latin 10th ed. Retrieved January 26, Whales, dolphins, and porpoises of the eastern North Pacific and adjacent Arctic waters: Status of Killer Whales in Canada.

Journal of Cetacean Research and Management. Is there a global model? Canadian Journal of Zoology. Communicating with costly calls".

Archived from the original on March 1, Retrieved December 4, Occurrence, movements, and insights into feeding ecology". Archived from the original on July 9, Retrieved August 15, Population structure and genetic variability in northeastern Pacific killer whales: Towards an assessment of population viability.

Retrieved February 23, Growth and reproduction of killer whales, Orcinus orca, in Norwegian coastal waters. Reports of the International Whaling Commission.

Archived from the original PDF on July 13, Retrieved January 6, Retrieved February 16, It Comes in Several Types".

Killer in the kelp". Archived from the original on February 13, Retrieved December 30, Archived from the original on April 5, Retrieved March 23, Archived from the original PDF on January 18, Retrieved April 23, Archived from the original on September 4, Retrieved September 14, Gornall, 3rd, and T.

Respiratory and cardiac activity of killer whales. In Estes, James A. Whales, whaling and ocean ecosystems.

University of California Press. Retrieved July 12, Whale and Dolphin Conservation. Retrieved 19 October Retrieved 20 October Retrieved December 24, Archived from the original PDF on Killer whales in Papua New Guinea waters.

Updated February 14, Iruma, Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Retrieved June 26, Retrieved July 25, Retrieved February 26, Retrieved February 18, Retrieved July 10, Bay Area News Group.

Archived from the original PDF on September 22, Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems. In Perrin, William F.

Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. Cetacean Sightings Network, June 1, An ongoing legacy of industrial whaling? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Testing with existing data". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Archived from the original PDF on May 31, Archived from the original on December 16, Journal of Comparative Psychology.

The role of family signatures" PDF. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. Archived from the original PDF on May 27, How smart are they?

Orlando Sentinel , March 7, Archived from the original PDF on October 11, Live Science , February 6, Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Retrieved March 7, Journal of Applied Ecology.

Retrieved June 2, Retrieved September 11, Age determination of toothed whales and sirenians, pp. When Granny is gone, will her story be the last chapter?

Retrieved March 19, Retrieved June 25, Journal of Cetacean Resource Management. Retrieved December 31, Archived from the original PDF on September 17, Retrieved September 28, Materials on the Language and Folklore of the Eskimoes, Vol.

Материалы по языку и фольклору эскимосов чаплинский диалект. Grammar of the language of Asian Eskimos. Archived from the original on August 30, Retrieved August 7, Животные и отражение их прихода к человеку в самых разных текстах in Russian.

Into the Roman World. Retrieved February 19, Archived from the original on July 24, Retrieved October 13, The Worst Journey in the World: Retrieved January 3, The Christian Science Monitor.

Retrieved November 6, Retrieved April 8, Retrieved January 14, The Whale Laboratory of Shimonoseki.

Retrieved January 9, Archived from the original PDF on March 4, Retrieved December 21, Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society.

Archived from the original PDF on July 6, Retrieved November 23, The Best American Sampler The New York Times. Retrieved March 11, Robeck; Kevin Willis; Michael R.

Parvorder Mysticeti Baleen whales. Southern right whale E. Common minke whale B.

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While authorities investigate whether there are curators who directly communicate with teens or whether the game is simply internet folklore, the challenges are said to begin at 4: Some reportedly start with simple things like drawing a blue whale on a piece of paper.

Demands may increase to watching horror movies all night or secretly cutting oneself. It is reported that the curator sends teens to scope out the location of their deaths in advance as one of the challenges.

In some cases, they go to the top of a tall building, in others a train station. Each task becomes riskier, and on the 50th day, players are reportedly instructed to commit suicide.

Dan Reidenberg, executive director of Suicide Awareness Voices of Education, a national nonprofit for suicide prevention, warns that parents need to be watching their children for any of those signs.

He encourages asking kids whether they are playing Blue Whale or have friends who are playing. However, he reiterated that "there is no need to panic, because this is not yet a crisis, rather a caution to alert people in advance.

The colonel of justice for the Investigation Committee Department of St. Petersburg, Anton Breydo, launched an investigation on Blue Whale in Russia and was working with a girl who had survived a suicide attempt, according to the news outlet Novaya Gazeta.

She informed him that players are told that once they start playing, there is "no way back. However, it later said that only 80 of those could be proved and was criticized as exaggerating numbers that could not be definitively linked to the game.

Gathering evidence of such a game is difficult, and catching warning signs can be even harder for those unaware.

It took me less than 20 minutes to figure that out. Nadia did an abstract painting of blue whale skeletons for a school project, and the school had it framed and displayed.

The painting took on a new meaning in the aftermath of her death. A photo of her legs dangling over the roof of her house, pictures of self-inflicted cuts on her body and a final post of train tracks with the words "good bye," made the morning she died, all bore resemblance to the other reported accounts of Blue Whale victims.

The family believes this photo was one of the "challenges" Nadia completed. Most of the time, she only wanted to draw. I never thought she would go and try to find a site or a way to chat with people and believe them.

Some appeared to be love letters, while others showed signs of correspondence with someone. The family continues to ask questions that might never be answered.

Suicide is the third-leading cause of death among Americans age 10 to 14 and the second among people 15 to 34, according to statistics from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Randle says people have been nervous to talk about suicide and very sensitive to the topic, leading the issue to be under-reported. According to Randle, Nadia was the 20th reported teen to commit suicide in Georgia this year, and since her death in May, there has been one more.

Marty warns that the signs might be hiding in plain sight. Right around her friends. This is a thing that is happening, so people should know, especially parents that have kids that could potentially be subjected to the same thing and also to ask for help.

Google data show that online searches for Blue Whale in the United States began in late February, with interest spiking across the country in mid-May.

They may be linked to media coverage in the UK around that time. One way to address the topic is head-on. Pearson says there is good information available for parents to help children and teenagers recognize dangers online.

Reidenberg echoed that sentiment: We want to encourage parents to talk to their kids about online safety. Reidenberg also warns that sensationalizing a topic can lead to more harm than help, but he hopes that telling the story of Nadia and her family can ensure awareness.

Pearson says social media can influence the mental health of teens, though she questions whether it causes suicidal behavior or serves as a vehicle to move it along.

They might actually get online and look for other troubled kids, versus finding someone who is helpful or therapeutic.

Steps are being taken nonetheless. The social media site Instagram issues an automatic warning to users who search hashtags relating to the game, possibly the first cyber security step of many to come.

Instagram issues a warning whenever hashtags related to Blue Whale are searched. These bonds can extend well into adulthood.

Unlike residents, extended or permanent separation of transient offspring from natal matrilines is common, with juveniles and adults of both sexes participating.

Some males become "rovers" and do not form long-term associations, occasionally joining groups that contain reproductive females.

Like all cetaceans , killer whales depend heavily on underwater sound for orientation, feeding, and communication. They produce three categories of sounds: Clicks are believed to be used primarily for navigation and discriminating prey and other objects in the surrounding environment, but are also commonly heard during social interactions.

Northeast Pacific resident groups tend to be much more vocal than transient groups in the same waters. In contrast, the marine mammal prey of transients hear well underwater at the frequencies used in killer whale calls.

As such, transients are typically silent, probably to avoid alerting their mammalian prey. Residents are only silent when resting.

All members of a resident pod use similar calls, known collectively as a dialect. Dialects are composed of specific numbers and types of discrete, repetitive calls.

They are complex and stable over time. Similarity in dialects likely reflects the degree of relatedness between pods, with variation building over time.

The use of both call types is called biphonation. The increased subset call types may be the distinguishing factor between pods and inter-pod relations.

Dialects of killer whales not only distinguish them between pods, but also between types. All members of the North American west coast transient community express the same basic dialect, although minor regional variation in call types is evident.

Preliminary research indicates offshore killer whales have group-specific dialects unlike those of residents and transients. The vocalizations of killer whales in other parts of the world have also been studied.

Norwegian and Icelandic herring-eating orcas appear to have different vocalizations for activities like hunting and traveling.

Killer whales have the second-heaviest brains among marine mammals [] after sperm whales , which have the largest brain of any animal.

They can be trained in captivity and are often described as intelligent, [] [] although defining and measuring "intelligence" is difficult in a species whose environment and behavioral strategies are very different from those of humans.

Killer whales imitate others, and seem to deliberately teach skills to their kin. Off the Crozet Islands , mothers push their calves onto the beach, waiting to pull the youngster back if needed.

Alaskan killer whales have not only learned how to steal fish from longlines , but have also overcome a variety of techniques designed to stop them, such as the use of unbaited lines as decoys.

A researcher described what happened next:. It worked really well for a while. Then the whales split into two groups.

They were so thrilled when they figured out what was going on, that we were playing games. They were breaching by the boats.

In other anecdotes, researchers describe incidents in which wild killer whales playfully tease humans by repeatedly moving objects the humans are trying to reach, [] or suddenly start to toss around a chunk of ice after a human throws a snowball.

The complex and stable vocal and behavioural cultures of sympatric groups of killer whales Orcinus orca appear to have no parallel outside humans and represent an independent evolution of cultural faculties.

Two species or populations are considered sympatric when they live in the same geographic area and thus regularly encounter one another.

Female killer whales begin to mature at around the age of 10 and reach peak fertility around 20, [] experiencing periods of polyestrous cycling separated by non-cycling periods of three to 16 months.

Females can often breed until age 40, followed by a rapid decrease in fertility. Some are claimed to have lived substantially longer: Granny J2 was estimated by some researchers to have been as old as years at the time of her death, though a biopsy sample indicated her age as 65 to 80 years.

To avoid inbreeding , males mate with females from other pods. Gestation varies from 15 to 18 months. In resident pods, births occur at any time of year, although winter is the most common.

According to observations in several regions, all male and female pod members participate in the care of the young. Males sexually mature at the age of 15, but do not typically reproduce until age Wild males live around 29 years on average, with a maximum of about 60 years.

This would have made him up to 90 years old. Examination of his teeth indicated he died around age 35, [] but this method of age determination is now believed to be inaccurate for older animals.

Infanticide , once thought to occur only in captive killer whales, was observed in wild populations by researchers off British Columbia on Dec.

In this incident, an adult male killed the calf of a female within the same pod, with his mother also joining in the assault.

Such behavior matches that of many smaller dolphin species such as the bottlenose dolphin. Like other animals at the highest trophic levels , the killer whale is particularly at risk of poisoning from bioaccumulation of toxins, including polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs.

When food is scarce, killer whales metabolize blubber for energy, which increases pollutant concentrations in their blood. In the Pacific Northwest , wild salmon stocks, a main resident food source, have declined dramatically in recent years.

In , the United States government listed the southern resident community as an endangered population under the Endangered Species Act.

They do not breed outside of their community, which was once estimated at around animals and later shrank to around These deaths can be attributed to declines in Chinook salmon.

Scientist Ken Balcomb has extensively studied killer whales since ; he is the research biologist responsible for discovering U.

Navy sonar may harm killer whales. The whales seemed "agitated and were moving haphazardly, attempting to lift their heads free of the water" to escape the sound of the sonars.

The sound originated from a U. Navy frigate 12 miles 19 kilometers distant, Balcomb said. These whales were beached on the day U.

Navy destroyers were activated into sonar exercise. These six dead whales were studied, and CAT scans of two of the whale heads showed hemorrhaging around the brain and the ears, which is consistent with decompression sickness.

Another conservation concern was made public in September when the Canadian government decided it was not necessary to enforce further protections including the Species at Risk Act in place to protect endangered animals along their habitats for killer whales aside from the laws already in place.

In response to this decision, six environmental groups sued the federal government, claiming killer whales were facing many threats on the British Columbia Coast and the federal government did nothing to protect them from these threats.

Underwater noise from shipping, drilling, and other human activities is a significant concern in some key killer whale habitats, including Johnstone Strait and Haro Strait.

Killer whales also avoided the surrounding waters. Eleven members about half of one resident pod disappeared in the following year.

The spill damaged salmon and other prey populations, which in turn damaged local killer whales. By , scientists estimated the AT1 transient population considered part of a larger population of transients , numbered only seven individuals and had not reproduced since the spill.

This population is expected to die out. A study published in Science found that global killer whale populations are poised to dramatically decline due to exposure to toxic chemical and PCB pollution.

The indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast feature killer whales throughout their art , history, spirituality and religion.

The Haida regarded killer whales as the most powerful animals in the ocean, and their mythology tells of killer whales living in houses and towns under the sea.

According to these myths, they took on human form when submerged, and humans who drowned went to live with them. The Maritime Archaic people of Newfoundland also had great respect for killer whales, as evidenced by stone carvings found in a 4,year-old burial at the Port au Choix Archaeological Site.

In the tales and beliefs of the Siberian Yupik people, killer whales are said to appear as wolves in winter, and wolves as killer whales in summer.

In Western cultures , killer whales were historically feared as dangerous, savage predators. Of the very few confirmed attacks on humans by wild killer whales, none have been fatal.

In the s, a surfer in California was bitten, and in , a boy in Alaska who was splashing in a region frequented by harbor seals was bumped by a killer whale that apparently misidentified him as prey.

Competition with fishermen also led to killer whales being regarded as pests. In the waters of the Pacific Northwest and Iceland , the shooting of killer whales was accepted and even encouraged by governments.

Navy claimed to have deliberately killed hundreds of killer whales in Icelandic waters in with machine-guns, rockets, and depth charges.

Western attitudes towards killer whales have changed dramatically in recent decades. In the mids and early s, killer whales came to much greater public and scientific awareness, starting with the first live-capture and display of a killer whale known as Moby Doll , a resident harpooned off Saturna Island in To the surprise of those who saw him, Moby Doll was a docile, nonaggressive whale that made no attempts to attack humans.

Between and , 50 killer whales from the Pacific Northwest were captured for display in aquaria , and public interest in the animals grew.

Through photo-identification techniques, individuals were named and tracked over decades. Only one whale has been taken in North American waters since However, his case was marked by controversy about whether and how to intervene, and in , Luna was killed by a boat propeller.

The earlier of known records of commercial hunting of killer whales date to the 18th century in Japan. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the global whaling industry caught immense numbers of baleen and sperm whales, but largely ignored killer whales because of their limited amounts of recoverable oil , their smaller populations, and the difficulty of taking them.

Between and , Japan took 1, killer whales although the Ministry of the Environment claims that there had been domestic catches of about 1, whales between late s to s [] and Norway took Today, no country carries out a substantial hunt, although Indonesia and Greenland permit small subsistence hunts see Aboriginal whaling.

Other than commercial hunts, killer whales were hunted along Japanese coasts out of public concern for potential conflicts with fisheries.

Such cases include a semi-resident male-female pair in Akashi Strait and Harimanada being killed in the Seto Inland Sea in , [] [] the killing of five whales from a pod of 11 members that swam into Tokyo Bay in , [] and a catch record in southern Taiwan in the s.

Killer whales have helped humans hunting other whales. From to , 55 whales were taken from the wild in Iceland, 19 from Japan, and three from Argentina.

These figures exclude animals that died during capture. Organizations such as World Animal Protection and the Whale and Dolphin Conservation campaign against the practice of keeping them in captivity.

Captives have vastly reduced life expectancies, on average only living into their 20s. Wild males who survive infancy live 31 years on average, and up to 50—60 years.

Critics claim captive life is stressful due to these factors and the requirement to perform circus tricks that are not part of wild killer whale behavior, see above.

A study coauthored by staff at SeaWorld and the Minnesota Zoo indicates that there is no significant difference in survivorship between free-ranging and captive killer whales.

The authors speculate about the future utility of studying captive populations for the purposes of understanding orca biology and the implications of such research of captive animals in the overall health of both wild and marine park populations.

As of March , SeaWorld has announced that they will be ending their orca breeding program and their theatrical shows. They previously announced, in November , that the shows would be coming to an end in San Diego but it is now to happen in both Orlando and San Antonio as well.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Orca disambiguation. The largest living species of dolphin. Linnaeus , [4]. Multimedia relating to the orca.

Killer whale calls at a distance. Vocalizations of a killer whale. Killer whale attacks on humans. Killer Whales in popular culture. Cetaceans portal Marine life portal.

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